November 20, 2013

Gallagher Gets Grizzly Bear


Got a problem keeping a few cows fenced in?  How about keeping a few hundred grizzlies fenced out?  Or making sure a few dozen black bears aren’t getting after your goats?


Bears of all kinds are a sometime dangerous nuisance around Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks and the national forests of northwestern Wyoming.  It’s a wilderness area bordered by Montana and Idaho that’s perfect habitat for a large and growing population of bears.


Bears are born scavengers that can get aggressive when they’re hungry.  Easily accessible campsites, apiaries and dumpsters are nothing more than convenient dining spots for these creatures.  When they decide to munch on whatever’s handy, they can do serious economic damage and threaten people as well as livestock.


Mark Bruscino is a bear specialist with the Wyoming Game and Fish Department.  Bears are his constant problem.  “They’re smart animals,: he said, “they’ll find a way to get around most preventative measures.  They can knock down barriers and tunnel under most fences.”


“We have to keep them out of grain sheds, small garbage dumps and dumpsters.  Most of the things we tried in the early 1990’s didn’t work,” he said.


In 1993 Morgan Renner, a Territory Manager with Gallagher, helped design an electric fence to solve the problem.  “I’m sold on it,” said Bruscino as he talked about the fence.  “It’s top notch stuff.”


The fence is “100% effective” when it’s maintained properly, according to Bruscino.


The Game and Fish Department uses permanent and temporary Gallagher fences now.  The permanent fences are where bears are a constant problem – around camp grounds, for instance.  Temporary fences can be quickly erected around sites like grain bins until the bear can be captured and transported to a remote location.


“We use a five-wire fence with high tensile strength wire.  Because it can be very dry, we use alternating hot and ground wires to make sure we’ve got full conductivity,” said Bruscino as he described the permanent set up.  Wooden corner posts anchor the fence and he uses fiberglass posts to support the wire.  The lower three wires are spaced six inches apart and the top two wires have 10 inches between them, making for a bear proof barrier.


Bruscino estimates bears have tested the fence hundreds of times without successfully breaking through.  “Usually, they just spin around and take off,” he said.  “I saw evidence that a bear swatted at the wire once but all it did was stretch it out a bit.”


To prevent “tunneling” bears from going underground, Bruscino uses a woven wire ground in some place.  Stretching about three feet out from the fence line, it’s additional discouragement to marauding beasts.


Bee keepers in the region sleep better at night and goat herds graze unmolested.  More importantly, campers can sleep safely at night, too, with nothing between them and the night air but a few square yards of canvas.


According to Gallagher, “An electric fence is a psychological barrier that keeps farm animals and wild animals where they should be with safety and security.  Because the fence is a psychological barrier, it doesn’t require great strength to be effective. However, it must be well designed in accordance with the species to be controlled, and constructed to withstand the harsh weather conditions that hit the Rockies in the dead of winter.”


Gallagher is one of the world’s largest manufacturers of electric fences designed to contain cattle, horses and other farm animals as well as prevent wild animals and predators from gaining access to areas where they can do economic damage.

Please order online 24/7 or call VALLEY FARM SUPPLY at  717-786-0368

November 20, 2013



Sponsored by Lancaster County Graziers.

Date: Tuesday, 18 February 2014 - Wednesday, 19 February 2014 Location: Solanco Fairgrounds | Hoffman Building | Quarryville, PA

Contact: Levi Fisher Phone No: 717-405-9438

November 18, 2013

Electric Fence Glossary

Alternating current
Current that flows back and forth, changing directions rapidly. AC current is typically used in households in the United States and Canada. It reverses directions 120 times per second or 60 full cycles.

A measurement of electrical current; what you feel when you receive a shock. The higher the amperage, the more intense shock the animal will feel.

Used to train wild animals to avoid an electric fence. Turn off fence controller. Smear an aluminum pie tin with the bait (peanut butter, honey, rancid bacon, molasses, etc.). Connect pie tin to an electric fence wire using metal wire. Locate several baited pie tins around the perimeter of the fence. After baiting is completed, turn fence controller on and monitor bait stations regularly.

Capacitive discharge
A term used to describe electric fence controllers that pulse electricity at regular intervals through a fence, typically at one-second internals.

An output capacitor is used to store direct current (DC) electricity between pulses through a fence. Alternating current (AC) can't be stored using a capacitor.

Continuous current
Refers to a continuous output of alternating current (AC) rather than a pulsed or cycled output. Continuous current fencers produce very low voltages and extremely low amperages in order to keep them safe. As a result, these fencers do not work well on long, weedy or wet fences. Continuous current fencers are not UL listed.

Corner posts
Sturdy wooden posts driven deep into the ground to provide extra support for the tension put on a fence line as it changes direction. Corner posts are not only used at corners, but also for gates and end posts.

Direct current
Current that flows steadily in one direction, typically produced by batteries through a chemical reaction.

Direct-discharge fencer
A type of fence controller that does not require a grounding system to deliver an electrical shock. Direct-discharge fencers are most effective on short, weed-free fences.

Distance ratings
A way of comparing the relative power of fence controllers. Ratings are based on a single strand of 17-gauge steel wire strung 36 inches above the ground under ideal, weed-free laboratory conditions.

Fence load
Any number of conditions that cause current to be drawn from a fence wire. Weeds touching the fence, broken insulators, rusty fence wire, and even wire splices all increase fence load and reduce the fence's voltage and amperage. Fence load is measured in ohms.

Ground wire return system
used where dry or sandy soil conditions do not allow a traditional ground system to work. Consists of running a ground wire parallel to a hot fence wire, delivering at the point where the animal touches the two lines.

Ground System
Necessary to create a complete electrical circuit: when the animal touches the electrified wire, the electricity travels through the animal, into the soil, back to the ground rods that are connected to the fence controller, resulting in the animal receiving a brief shock. A ground system consists of ground rods (3), hookup wire, ground rod clamps and line clamps.

High tensile
An affordable, long lasting electrified fence system that is an excellent choice for perimeter fences, providing a barrier to contain or exclude animals. These sturdy, permanent fences require braced corner and end posts in wood along with special insulators, hardware, and tools that maintain constant high tension on metal wire.

A nonconductive material (plastic or ceramic), typically used to offset fence wire from a fence post. Insulators prevent the current from traveling through the post and into the ground, short-circuiting the system.

A measurement of electrical energy used to rate low impedance fence controllers. The effective power the controller delivers to the fence, independent of other factors that can drain voltage. The higher the joules, the more intense shock the animal will feel. (1 joule = 1 watt of power for 1 second)

Line posts
A post used to support electric or non-electric fence wire. Line posts support the fence line, and have far less tension put on it than corner posts. As a result, they can be made from a variety of materials, including metal, wood, plastic and fiberglass.

Low-impedance fencer
Low impedance fence controllers increase the joules (energy or shock) on the fence line if weeds or other vegetation touch the line. Available in AC, DC and solar powered models.

Mob grazing
The tendency among certain species of animals to graze vegetation down to the dirt. May cause animals to reach vegetation outside the fence.

Ohms are used to measure resistance to the flow of an electric current. A low ohms reading represents a heavy fence load, and a high ohms reading represents a light fence load.

On-time / Off-time
On-time refers to the duration of the electrical pulse produced by a capacitive discharge fencer. Off-time refers to the length of time between the pulses. Zareba fencers have electrical pulses that are only microseconds long, followed by one full second of off-time between each pulse. This long off-time enables an animal (or person) to easily break away from the fence.

Pulse width
Pulse width refers to the duration of the electrical pulse produced by a capacitive discharge fencer. (See On-time / Off-time)

Resistance is any force that resists the flow of electricity, consuming power from a circuit by changing electric energy into heat. Electricians measure resistance in ohms.

Rotational grazing
A system for livestock grazing, using internal temporary enclosures (within a boundry fence) to control the specific areas where the animals graze. This allows the vegetation in the previous enclosures to grow back. Typically is 1-strand of wire at 40" or at animal's nose level.

Solid state
Solid-state fence controllers deliver a medium amperage shock in pulses of medium duration. They are best used to control shorthaired livestock, small animals, and pets where light weed conditions exist.

A component that joins together separate strands of fence wire, tape or rope without breaking the fence's electrical circuit.

Temporary fencing
A one to three-strand electric fence system that is used for rotational grazing or other short-term uses. It typically uses step-in poly posts or rod posts, and a DC or solar operated fence controller for portability and flexibility.

A component used to tighten fence wires, typically polytape, to increase tension on a section of the fence line.

A device that increases or decreases the voltage of alternating current.

A measurement of electrical pressure. It functions similarly to water pressure in that it "pushes" amperage down the fence wire.

A unit of measurement for electric power equal to voltage times amperage.

Please order online 24/7 or call VALLEY FARM SUPPLY at 717-786-0368


November 18, 2013

Funny Electric Fence Shock Compilation

November 17, 2013

Gate hanging tips

Gate hanging tips

Following recommended gate hanging procedures ensures your gate is stock proof, easy to open and shut, and looks good on the farm.

There is more than one way to hang a gate and most farmers and contractors have their own particular method and reasons. Because of this, Gallagher interviewed farmers and contractors and used the information from this research to formulate a recommended gate hanging procedure – the idea being to "do it once, do it right".

Good gate installation is important and using well-designed, quality gate hardware can make a significant difference in the life and functionality. Gallagher gate hangers are designed to remain secure in the post for long periods of time, which ensures the gate remains upright and swings freely.

Please order online 24/7 or call VALLEY FARM SUPPLY at 717-786-0368

November 17, 2013

Gallagher Fencing Tip: Using High-Tensile Wire Allows For Greater Spacing

I’m building a permanent power fence with high tensile wire. Any suggestions?

Don’t over tension the wire. Using high-tensile wire allows for greater line post spacing than conventional wire; usually 50 feet as a minimum. Also, don't over-tighten the wires. Make sure it’s a flexible system that allows for wildlife impacts, snow loading, etc. If you don’t “over-engineer” the fence, you’ll save lots of money.

Please order online 24/7 or call VALLEY FARM SUPPLY at 717-786-0368

November 17, 2013

Gallagher Fencing Tip: Permanently Grounding Power Fence


I'm building a permanent power fence. How do I make sure it stays permanently grounded?Use a minimum of three, six-foot long, galvanized steel ground rods, spaced at least 10 feet apart. Drive them into the ground so that only 2 or 3 inches are visible, then securely clamp one continuous galvanized wire to each rod.

Please order online 24/7 or call VALLEY FARM SUPPLY at 717-786-0368

November 15, 2013

Gallagher Fencing Tip: A Well Constructed Power Fence Saves Money

Gallagher Fencing Tip: A Well Constructed Power Fence Saves Money


With the drought, cash is tight this year.  Can I save money by building a barbed wire fence? No, a barbed wire fence can cost up to $1,000 more per mile to build.  A well-constructed power fence can save, too, by keeping your herd contained as well as more secure from predators.

Please order online 24/7 or callVALLEY FARM SUPPLYat  717-786-0368

November 15, 2013

Gallagher Fencing Tip: Which Energizer To Use

Gallagher Fencing Tip: Which Energizer To Use

I'm building an electric fence but I'm confused by all the power choices.
Which energizer should I use?

It depends on your situation. Gallagher makes many models with a variety of carefully engineered capabilities. The questions you should answer first are:

· What animals do you want to control?
Containing domestic stock within a pasture takes less power than fencing wildlife out of an area.

· How much acreage do you want to protect?
Obviously, you need a bigger energizer to carry adequate power on larger jobs. If there is a large vegetation challenge for the fence, you need more power. It's a good idea to plan now for any additions you might need down the road, too.

· What power source is available?
Can you tap into a 110 or 220-volt source? If you can't, there is a wide range of battery- and solar-powered units available.

· Can you do the job with a portable system?
Portable systems are easy-to-setup and can be quickly moved, if necessary. A solar kit is usually best for this application.

Please order online 24/7 or call VALLEY FARM SUPPLY at  717-786-0368

November 15, 2013

Gallagher Fencing Tip: Running Hot And Ground Wires Past Gates


I've got a lot of gates.  How do I handle running the hot and ground wires past them?


For both the hot and  the ground, bury one heavy-duty insulated cable for each about 10 inches deep in a trench under each gate. Make sure it's rated to 20,000 volts minimum or it may leak current with high-power energizers like our Gallagher MR5000.


Please order online 24/7 or callVALLEY FARM SUPPLYat  717-786-0368